Bison on the prairie, a conservation success story

National Bison Range. U.S. government photo
National Bison Range, Montana. U.S. government photo

By Todd Reubold, Ensia 
August, 2015

From rhinos to #CecilTheLion, we live in a world where stories of species loss and illegal wildlife trade dominate the conservation headlines, so a good news story every now and then is a welcome surprise.

Three years ago, 63 bison originally from Yellowstone National Park left a quarantine facility just outside the park’s boundary where they were being monitored for brucellosis and made the journey nearly 400 miles to the Fort Peck Reservation in northeastern Montana. The transfer, which brought bison back to a stretch of the high country prairie from which they had been absent since the 1870s, was part of a larger program aimed at moving the animals to remote locations across the West to boost resilience to diseases that could wipe out a single herd.

Late last year — due to the combined efforts of Defenders of Wildlife, National Wildlife Federation, World Wildlife Fund, InterTribal Buffalo Council and others — an additional 138 Yellowstone bison joined the original herd on the reservation. Combined, the Assiniboine and Sioux tribes now manage nearly 200 free-ranging bison over close to 13,000 acres (5,260 hectares).

The move was good for more than just the bison. In a press release announcing the second transfer, Robert Magnan, director of the Fort Peck Tribes’ Fish & Game Department and the buffalo program said, “In the two years since we welcomed back the first Yellowstone buffalo, we’ve seen the ecosystem revive. Grassland birds have returned, native grasses are thriving. We welcome and look forward to the buffalo’s continued benefits to our tribal lands, as well as our culture.”View Ensia homepage




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